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Attitudes to Kongzi in Han Times

Michael Loewe

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1 Balazs, Étienne. Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy: Variations on a Theme. New Haven and London: Yale University, 1964.

2 Ch'en, Ch'i-yün 陳啟雲, and Margaret Pearson. “Ch'ien fu lun 潛夫論”, in: Loewe 1993, 12–15.

3 De Crespigny, Rafe. A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23–220 AD). Leiden: Brill, 2007.

4 Forke, Alfred, tr. Lun-heng. 2 vols. Leipzig: Harrassowitz (et al.), 1907 [Part I: Philosophical essays of Wang Ch'ung] and Berlin: Reimer, 1911 [Part II: Miscellaneous Essays of Wang Ch'ung]. Rpt. New York: Paragon, 1962.

5 Gale, Esson M., tr. Discourses on Salt and Iron: A Debate on State Control of Commerce and Industry in Ancient China. Leiden: Brill, 1931.

6 Han shu 漢書, by Ban Gu 班固 (32–92). Beijing: Zhonghua, 1962.

7 Hou Han shu 後漢書, by Fan Ye 范曄 (398–445). Beijing: Zhonghua, 1965.

8 Loewe, Michael. Crisis and Conflict in Han China, 104 BC to AD 9. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1973.

9 Loewe, Michael. “The Former Han Dynasty”, in: Twitchett and Loewe 1986, 103–222.

10 Loewe, Michael. Early Chinese Texts: A Bibliographical Guide. Berkeley: The Society for the Study of Early China, 1993.

11 Loewe, Michael. A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han & Xin Periods (221 BC–AD 24). Leiden: Brill, 2000.

12 Loewe, Michael. Dong Zhongshu, a ‘Confucian’ Heritage and the Chunqiu fanlu. Leiden: Brill, 2011.

13 Loewe, Michael. “The Rulin of Han Times and Their Relation to Kongzi”, Journal of Asian History 55.2 (2021) [34 pages].

14 Shi ji 史記, by [Sima Tan 司馬談 (d. 110 BCE) and] Sima Qian 司馬遷 (?145–?86 BCE). Beijing: Zhonghua, 1959.

15 Twitchett, Denis, and Michael Loewe (ed.). The Cambridge History of China, Vol. 1: The Ch'in and Han Empires, 221 B.C.–A.D. 220. Cambridge, Cambridge University, 1986.

16 Walter, Georges, ed. La dispute sur le sel et le fer 鹽鉄論: Chine, ans-81. Paris: Lanzmann et Seghers, 1978.

17 Wang Liqi 王利器, ed. Yantie lun jiaozhu 鹽鐵論校注. Beijing: Zhonghua, 21992.

18 Yantie lun 鹽鐵論. See Wang Liqi 1992.


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