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Pages 133 - 137


1 Katharine G. Davidson, The Portuguese Colonisation of Timor: The Final Stage, 1850–1912 (Ph.D. thesis; Melbourne: University of Melbourne, 1994); René Pélissier, Timor en guerre: le crocodile et les Portugais, 1847–1913 (Orgeval: R. Pélissier, 1996); anonymous [Geoffrey Gunn], History of Timor,∼cesa/History_of_Timor.pdf; Arend de Roever, De jacht op sandelhout de VOC en de tweedeling van Timor in de zeventiende eeuw (Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 2002); Fernando A. Figueiredo, Timor. A presença portuguesa, 1769–1945 (Lisbon: Centro de Estudos Históricos, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2011).

2 Gérard Francillon, Some Matriarchal Aspects of the Social Structure of the Southern Tetum of Middle Timor (Ph.D. thesis; Canberra: Australian National University, 1967); H. Schulte-Nordholt, The Political System of the Atoni of Timor (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1971); David Hicks, Eastern Timorese Society (Ph.D. thesis; London: University of London, 1971); B. Renard-Clamagirand, Marobo. Une société Ema de Timor (Paris: Selaf, 1982); E. Traube, Cosmology and Social Life. Ritual Exchange Among the Mambai of East Timor (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986). Some of the earlier major historiographical contributes from anthropologists were published by James J. Fox (ed.), The Flow of Life: Essays on Eastern Indonesia (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980). Also see his “Tracing the Path, Recounting the Past: Historical Perspectives on Timor”, in idem and D. B. Soares (eds.), Out of the Ashes. Destruction and Reconstruction of East Timor (Canberra: ANU E Press, 2003), pp. 1–27.

3 Hans Hägerdal, Lords of the Land, Lords of the Sea. Conflict and Adaptation in Early Colonial Timor, 1600–1800 (Leiden: KITLV Pr., 2012).

4 Hans Hägerdal, “Rebellions or Factionalism? Timorese Forms of Resistance in an Early Colonial Context, 1650–1769”, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 163.1 (2007), pp. 1–33; idem, “Colonial or Indigenous Rule? The Black Portuguese of Timor in the 17th and 18th Centuries”, IIAS Newsletter 44 (Summer 2007), p. 26; Leonard Y. Andaya, “The ‘Informal Portuguese Empire’ and the Topasses in the Solor Archipelago and Timor in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries”, Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 41 (2010), pp. 391–420.

5 Charles R. Boxer, The Topasses of Timor, offprint from Koninklijke Vereeniging Indisch Instituut, Mededeling no. LXXIII, Afd. Volkenkunde no. 24 (Amsterdam 1947), pp. 1–22; Paramita R. Abdurachman, “Atakiwan, Casados and Tupassi: Portuguese Settlements and Christian Communities in Solor and Flores (1536–1630)”, Masyarakat Indonesia 10.1 (1983), pp. 83–117, republished in same, Bunga Angin Portugis di Nusantara. Jejak-jejak kebudayan Portugis di Indonesia (Jakarta: Lembaga Research Kebudayaan Nasional – LIPI Press, 2008), pp. 51–95.

6 Maria Johanna Schouten, “Antropologia e colonialismo em Timor português”, Lusotopie 8.1–2 (2001), pp. 157–171; idem, “Antropologia em Timor Português – Os constrangimentos do colonialismo”, Biblioteca on-line de Ciências da Comunicação 2002, 16p., (last access 13.01.2006); Ricardo Roque, “Histórias de crânios e o problema da classificação antropológica de Timor”, e-Cadernos CES 1 (2008), pp. 13–36, (last access 4.12.2013); idem, Headhunting and Colonialism: Anthropology and the Circulation of Human Skulls in the Portuguese Empire, 1870–1930 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

7 Isabel Boavida, “Urbanografia de Díli no Tempo da Administração Portuguesa” (MA diss., Universidade de Coimbra, 2011, 315+vii p.).


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